With no clear industry-wide rules on retiring or destroying damaged or failed rigging hardware and slings, permanent disposal is typically left up to the owner or end-user. This can become problematic, as a damaged or failed piece of rigging equipment needs to be removed from service, quarantined, and be rendered useless so that it will never be used to perform a lift again.
Government agencies and larger projects will typically require destruction of any damaged rigging, while independent contractors and end users will simply throw the “failed gear” into a scrap heap or dumpster.
It should be noted that OSHA, ANSI, WSTDA, AWRF or other professional organizations DO NOT provide clear direction on what to do with this type of material once it has been effectively removed from service.
As a company that offers inspection and repair services for rigging gear, we often accept damaged rigging gear into our facilities for inspection and are subsequently tasked with disposing of the material if we determine that it cannot be repaired. Because of this, we have put together the following suggested best practices to render the items in question as unsalvageable, or in such a condition as to make further use impossible.
DISPOSAL OF DAMAGED OR FAILED WIRE AND WIRE ROPE SLINGS
Many operating conditions can affect the life of wire rope. Bending, stresses, loading conditions, speed of load application (shock load), abrasion, corrosion, sling design, materials handled, environmental conditions (heat or chemical exposure), lubrication, and history of usage will all factor into how long wire rope can stay in service.
If during the course of an inspection any of the following damages are observed, it could indicate that the wire rope or sling is unsafe and needs to be discarded:
· Severe corrosion
· Localized wear on the outside (look for shiny worn spots)
· A one-third reduction in outer wire diameter
· Damage or displacement of end-fittings—including hooks, rings, or links—by overload or misapplication
· Distortion, kinking, bird caging, or other evidence of damage to the wire rope structure
· Excessive broken wires
If it’s determined that the wire rope will be removed from service, we suggest cutting it down into more manageable sizes before discarding. This extra effort will help to accommodate the needs of most recycling facilities that will accept the damaged wire rope and also help to make sure that it cannot be used any further. Keep the following in mind when disposing of wire rope slings and wire rope cable:
· Cut in to approximately 3’ to 4’ foot sections
· Cut, or destroy, the eyes of the wire rope sling to prevent any further use of the sling
· If the sling body is long enough to allow for an eye to be reformed by other means, the wire should be cut down to shorter lengths
· Use proper PPE when handling the pieces of cut wire—cut or frayed ends of the wire rope will be sharp
· Remove, or separate, any tags and labels from the sling
· Place scrap into your facility’s metal recycling bins and coordinate pickup or delivery
To continue reading about best practices for the disposal of broken or failed chain slings, web slings, synthetic roundslings, and rigging hardware—visit Mazzella Companies’ blog at https://www.mazzellacompanies.com/Resources/Blog/how-to-dispose-of-damaged-rigging-gear-wire-rope-slings